Use of Force Policy
The Use of Force Continuum is what we have developed within the department to guide and aid officers in understanding when they should use their equipment.
Deadly force means force that is used against another individual, that is likely to cause serious bodily harm or death to the individual in question. The Use of Deadly force may be used if one or more of the following circumstances exists.
Self Defence: When deadly force reasonably appears to be necessary to protect an officer who reasonably believes himself or herself is in imminent danger of death or serious bodily harm.
Serious Offences: When deadly force reasonably and objectively appears to be necessary for the safety of staff.
Example: The suspect is currently armed with a firearm and the officers believe that without any doubt, the subject will use it.
Serious Threats: When deadly force reasonably appears to be necessary to preserve life. This is within threats made in-regards of terroristic actions and similar.
Apprehension: When deadly force reasonably and justifiably appears to be necessary to apprehend a subject in their escape: that, without any doubt committed a serious felony.
If it becomes necessary to use deadly force the following precautions shall be followed.
A warning should generally be given, if possible, before the officer discharges his firearm.
Articulate - As long as an officer can articulate and justify the actions he has made with reasonable cause, then the officer is in most cases justified in his actions.
- Tasers should only be used against persons who are actively resisting, exhibiting active aggression, or to prevent individuals from physically injuring themselves or others.
- Tasers should not be replaced with deadly force and should only be used as defined above.
- Tasers may not be deployed for an elongated amount of time, the shock should generally last a few seconds.
- Tasers should generally be announced prior to being used (unless there is a threat to life), giving suspects a chance to comply before deploying the Taser when life or well-being is in danger.
- Impact weapon strikes to the nerve motor points in the legs and arms are considered to be at the Intermediate Weapon level on the force continuum.
- Any impact strikes to the head, throat or clavicle are considered to be deadly force.
The two target areas on the arms for blocking points are:
- The Radial nerve motor point on the outside of the upper forearm.
- Median nerve motor point on the inside of the forearm.
- The three target areas for striking on the legs are:
- The Common Peroneal nerve motor point on the outside of the leg.
- The Femoral nerve motor point on the inside of the leg.
- The Tibial nerve motor point on the top of the calf muscle.
- Strikes should be delivered with maximum power in an effort to eliminate the need for
multiple strikes, decrease the need to escalate in levels of control, and shorten the time span
of the confrontation.
- After striking a subject, officers should employ other methods of follow–up control and
ensure the subject receives medical attention when necessary.